A dental implant is considered as one of the best treatments to restore missing tooth. When a decayed or damaged tooth is extracted, both the root and the crown, which is the visible part of the tooth, are lost. A dental implant is inserted into the jawbone to fuse it with your natural bone structure. It offers a sturdy and strong foundation for the replacement tooth. The implant is very efficient to replace an individual tooth or denture with many teeth.
Nowadays, implants are mostly made of titanium, a biocompatible metal that offers durability and strength. The metal also has the unique property of getting fused directly to the bone and the method is called osseointegration.
Different types of dental implants
Root form Implants is the most widely performed dental implant process. It is also known as the endosteal or endosseous implant, which means it is placed in the bone. It is designed in shape of thick nails, screws or cones. It is available in various lengths and widths. To offer a secure foundation and support to the root-form implant, the bone needs to be broad and deep enough.
Root-form implant is performed in a two-stage process – single-stage procedure and two-stage procedure. While performing the single-stage procedure, the implant is firmly anchored in the bone. It remains exposed inside the mouth. While carrying out the two-stage procedure, the implant remains buried beneath the gum tissue for around three to four months. It only gets exposed while carrying out the second surgical process.
There are few people whose lower jaws contain little bone, and there are no teeth at all on the lower jaw. A transosseous implant is highly beneficial for such patients. However, it is rarely performed nowadays, since its insertion process requires hospitalization, extensive surgical process, and general anesthesia. The use of the Transosseous implant is also limited to the lower jaw.
When Transosseous implant is placed, two metal rods are inserted from underneath the chin through the jaw bone, until they get exposed in the mouth. The rods that are found in the mouth are used to support the denture. However, in recent times dental experts prefer to do procedures of Endosseous implants instead of Transosseous Implant procedures since both are equally beneficial. The added advantage is that minimal level of surgery is required while inserting Endosseous implants.
Also termed as plate-form implant. It is shaped in the form of flat metallic rectangles featuring metal prongs on one side. Blade-form implant is inserted in the jaw in such a way that the prongs can support bridges or crown.
This type of implant is considered by the dental expert when the lower jawbone is fragile and cannot support a root-form implant. This implant is inserted into the jawbone, close to the wisdom teeth and adjacent to the chin. Once it is placed and the tissue recovers, a narrow bar is noticed at the top of the gum line. Dentures are designed that can precisely fit the bar. It also makes the weak jaws stable and prevents fractures.
The Benefits Of Dental Implants
Aside from the fact that they are virtually impossible to differentiate from natural teeth, they also function and feel natural. But there are far more benefits than just the aesthetics;
• Minimum discomfort: By using sophisticated computer software and 3D virtual imaging technology, dentists can look at the inside and internal structures of your mouth from every angle. This helps them to determine the least invasive and most cost-effective surgical plan possible. This means minimal incisions and sutures, which in turn means minimal post-operative pain and discomfort, as well as a shortened recovery period.
• They feel and work like natural teeth: This enables you to return to your normal life and daily activities, enjoying your favorite foods as soon as the implants have properly ‘osseointegrated’ with your jaw.
• Self-sustaining answer: Because dental implants are ‘rooted’ in the bone of the jaw, they are non-removable and do not move around or cause damage to neighboring teeth like traditional dentures or bridges tend to. Your dental implants are free-standing and do not require the support of the adjacent teeth. As a result, they typically do not irritate the soft tissues in the mouth, preventing inflammation and infection.
• They last a long time: If cared for correctly with good oral hygiene and frequent visits to your implantologist, your new implants could last you a lifetime!